TITAN MBR™ Flat-Plate Membranes (MF) maintain high permeability and flux rates even at peak-day rates. They stack within a fully submerged module inside the aeration zone. Transmembrane pressure created by gravity drives the flow through the membranes. Clean water discharges while blocked solids remain in the aeration zone. Diffusers beneath the module scour the membranes while also providing air supply to the bacteria. Chemical cleaning occurs efficiently in-place—typically on a semi-annual basis—with simple chemical injection. No permeate pumps are required, saving energy and maintenance compared to most other MBR systems.